Who could inspire me better than the great wine writer Hugh Johnson, who, when reflecting on a journey to Italy, wrote:
“I was in the happy position of being able to trace Italian varietal wine directly back to the trellises, cellars and the families that shaped it. It is a journey anyone can make. One can eat the food they eat with it; and become as it were honorary members of the community and culture that forms it”.
To me, Italy is the most exciting wine country in the world. More varieties, more regions, a more dedicated food-and-wine culture than any other European country.
But so far away! It would be nice, I thought, to build a wide range of Italian varietal wines…right here in the sympathetic environment of Mudgee. In the company with good Trattoria food, looking over our little Lago di Lusso and vineyards to the Tuscan – looking profile of the hills beyond.
And, thanks to Italian wine pioneers like Thomas Fiaschi, Carlo Corino and Bruce Chalmers, when I began looking in 1999 there was a good and growing range of varieties to choose from.
Back then, and since then, I have been inspired to select as wide a cross section – white, rosé, sparkling, red and dessert wines – of varieties as the small farm could manage, make the wines in styles that are ‘Italian,' and most importantly, offer these wines with food to our own Italian wine community, by way of our own Cucina di Lusso.
There it is, then – the food, the wine, the community. None more important than the others.
I came to be inspired by Italian varietal wine over a number of phases…
Firstly, as an earnest young London-based banker in the 1970’s - sampling Italy’s beautiful food and wine without the need for either menu or wine list, I remember. Very early on, I became a believer in the Italian saying that “the primary purpose of wine is to make food taste even better!”
In the 1980’s, living in New Zealand just as that country was starting to become really confident in its ability to make ’new world’ wines. No guessing where I spent much of my spare time!
And finally, when living in Sydney and looking for a ‘retirement job’, my partner Luanne Hill and I put one and one together and came up with Mudgee – a wine region with a solid history of Italian varietal winemaking, and possessing the best wine village in Australia!
“Winemaking is really quite a simple business, only the first two hundred years are difficult” (Baroness Philippine de Rothschild)
Well, now that I’m now about one tenth of my way through this learning phase, what can I remember?
The decision to grow Italian varietal grapes was a ‘no-brainer’. In addition to their food-matching qualities and Mudgee history, the end of the 1990’s heralded the start of the ‘alternate varieties’ wine era in Australia. And thanks to the likes of nurseryman Bruce Chalmers and Carlo Corino, a growing choice of varieties had started becoming available.
From our decision to grow Italian varietal grapes in Mudgee to our first plantings took just eighteen months. In June 1999 we selected a thirty-acre plot that had served as the ‘headquarters’ of a grape growing syndicate – and it included a modest three bedroomed house and separate farmworkers’ apartment.
Thanks to the skill and experience of Jim and Tony Muller, five acres each of Sangiovese, Nebbiolo and Barbera – and the olive grove - was planted by November….with irrigation and trellising. At that time there was no thought of the wine making, restaurant or other businesses that were to follow.
Our first crop was in 2002, which happened to coincide with the first stage of what became called “The Great Australian Wine Glut” – led by a sharp reduction in Australia’s export markets combined with a very slow supply side adjustment.
In 2003, we decided to build a winery. The decision was a logistical one – the competition among growers to find space in the diaries of the available winemakers was just too fierce.
From that point on, of course, life became more serious. Very early in the piece I had to give up on the idea of a Tuscan castle (being gently informed by my architect that “with your budget, Rob, its got to be Colorbond!”). Nevertheless, thanks to the intervention of Luanne, the building of the dam (from an enlarged sculptor’s clay pit) framed the front of di Lusso Estate and gardens in a way we constantly bless.
Up to that point, the evolution of today’s di Lusso Estate wine business had been fairly predictable. The quite successful expansion of the Italian varieties in our range, the successful fig orchard, the less successful dabble with saffron, lavender and lemons.
And then, in 2009, we launched the di Lusso Estate restaurant, or more accurately, the pizzeria and trattoria, the current location of the Cucina di Lusso restaurant that was previously in Glebe.
Food is a hard but almost perversely rewarding business. The restaurant is now about a third of our turnover, but occupies well over half my time - other than in winter, when it's all about pruning the vines, the olives and the figs!
- Australia-wide search for a region and location to grow Italian varietal wines.
- Decision to buy in Mudgee, culmination in buying the thirty acre property Gwandalan.
- From June to December 1999, we planted 15 acres of vines (Sangiovese, Barbera and Nebbiolo) and 500 olive trees (four varieties) were planted
- First grape harvest and contract winemaking arrangement with Drew Tuckwell
- Decision to build a 150 ton winery…start of construction
- Planting of 120 fig trees (five varieties), within a bird-proof enclosure
- Completion of winery building
- Di Lusso Estate cellar door licence received. Open for business in September 2003
- First fig crop
- Commenced three year grafting program to widen grape varietal range with Aleatico, Picolit and Lagrein added
- End of outsourced winemaking contract. Julia Conchie becomes our winemaker
- First olive harvest
- Robert exits Sydney restaurant scene and relocates full time to di Lusso Estate
- September Cucina di Lusso restaurant opens to the public with Ali McCarthy as chef
- Additional land leased (eight acres) to increase home-grown grape supply (Lagrein and Nebbiolo) and add a further variety (Arneis) to the range
- Julia retires from winemaking
- David Kyngdon appointed as winemaker